About Catholics and Muslims in the Balkans
The treaty of Dayton
In order to end the war, which was waged in Bosnia from 1992, the US government organised a meeting of the fighting parties in Dayton, Ohio, in 1995. Thus the international community forced the conflicting parties to make a peace treaty, which was signed in Paris (it was recorded as the treaty of Dayton). The Dayton accords were signed and guaranteed by the presidents: Serb Slobodan Milosevic, Croat Tudjman and Bosnian Alija Izetbegovic. By virtue of the treaty the joint state was formed, consisting of two entities: Muslim-Croat Federation (Bosnian), which occupies 51% of the territory, and the so-called Serb Republic (49 % of the territory). The NATO-led international peacekeeping troops were to guard the peace. Theoretically, the state is to be run by government and parliament with representatives of the Croatian, Serbian and Muslim communities, but practically all decisions are controlled by the EU High Representative, who is Britain's Paddy Ashdown. His activities have been much criticised recently.